Elimination of die swell and instability in hollow fiber spinning process of hyperbranched polyethersulfone (HPES) via novel spinneret designs and precise spinning conditions

Natalia Widjojo, Tai-Shung Chung*, Davis Yohanes Arifin, Martin Weber, Volker Warzelhan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study has successfully demonstrated that a proper combination of novel spinneret designs and spinning parameters can effectively counteract the die swell as well as flow instability phenomena, i.e. extrudate distortion, in the hyperbranched polyethersulfone (HPES) hollow fiber spinning. Attempts are also made to unravel the die swell and flow behavior differences between HPES and linear polyethersulfone (LPES) membranes spun using various spinneret designs and spinning conditions. In terms of flow stability, it is revealed that short conical spinnerets with a flow angle of 60° as well as short round flow channel spinneret with a flow angle of 30°, can reduce or eliminate extrudate distortions. Apart from spinneret designs, this study also accentuates the importance of a proper choice of spinning conditions for each specific spinneret to achieve flow stability and reduce die swell, namely: (1) bore fluid composition; (2) dope flow rate; (3) spinning temperature; and (4) take-up speed. Experimental results concluded that a proper combination of spinneret design and these four spinning parameters is the key to stabilize the spinning process. It is found that a high take-up speed spinning and a high non-solvent concentration in the bore fluid can fully eliminate die swell and enhance flow stability in the HPES hollow fiber spinning using short and conical or round spinnerets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-153
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume163
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Die swell
  • Flow stability
  • Hyperbranched polyethersulfone
  • Linear polyethersulfone
  • Spinneret designs
  • Spinning parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Elimination of die swell and instability in hollow fiber spinning process of hyperbranched polyethersulfone (HPES) via novel spinneret designs and precise spinning conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this