Electron mobility enhancement in solution-processed low-voltage In2O3 transistors via channel interface planarization

Alexander D. Mottram, Pichaya Pattanasattayavong, Ivan Isakov, Gwen Wyatt-Moon, Hendrik Faber, Yen-Hung Lin, Thomas D. Anthopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The quality of the gate dielectric/semiconductor interface in thin-film transistors (TFTs) is known to determine the optimum operating characteristics attainable. As a result in recent years the development of methodologies that aim to improve the channel interface quality has become a priority. Herein, we study the impact of the surface morphology of three solution-processed high-k metal oxide dielectrics, namely AlO, HfO, and ZrO, on the operating characteristics of InO TFTs. Six different dielectric configurations were produced via single or double-step spin-casting of the various precursor formulations. All layers exhibited high areal capacitance in the range of 200 to 575 nF/cm, hence proving suitable, for application in low-voltage n-channel InO TFTs. Study of the surface topography of the various layers indicates that double spin-cast dielectrics exhibit consistently smoother layer surfaces and yield TFTs with improved operating characteristics manifested, primarily, as an increase in the electron mobility (μ). To this end, μ is found to increase from 1 to 2 cm/Vs for AlO, 1.8 to 6.4 cm/Vs for HfO, and 2.8 to 18.7 cm/Vs for ZrO-based InO TFTs utilizing single and double-layer dielectric, respectively. The proposed method is simple and potentially applicable to other metal oxide dielectrics and semiconductors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)065015
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018


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