Electrochemical characterization of LiCoO2 as rechargeable electrode in aqueous LiNO3 electrolyte

Riccardo Ruffo, Fabio La Mantia, Colin Wessells, Robert A. Huggins, Yi Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of lithium ion aqueous batteries is getting renewed interest due to their safety and low cost. We have demonstrated that the layer-structure LiCoO2 phase, the most commonly used electrode material in organic systems, can be successful delithiated and lithiated again in a water-based electrolyte at currents up to 2.70 A/g. The capacity is about 100 mAh/g at 0.135 A/g and can be tuned by cycling the electrode in different potential ranges. In fact, increasing the high cut-off voltage leads to higher specific capacity (up to 135 mAh/g) but the Coulomb efficiency is reduced (from 99.9% to 98.5%). The very good electrode kinetic is probably due to the high conductivity of the electrolyte solution (0.17 Scm- 1 at 25 °C) but this behavior is affected by the electrode load. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume192
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

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