Electrochemical activation, voltage decay and hysteresis of Li-rich layered cathode probed by various cobalt content

Yingqiang Wu, Leqiong Xie, Xiangming He, Linhai Zhuo, Limin Wang, Jun Ming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high capacity of Li-rich layered cathode materials have attracted great attention for the greater energy density lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries, but the understanding of knowledge associated with electrochemical behaviours are still needed to improve their performances further. In this study, different amount of Co content is designed in Li-rich layered compounds (0.5Li2MnO3·0.5LiMn0.5-xNi0.5-xCo2xO2, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2), and the stepwise electrochemical activation process is applied to explore the features. We discover that the substitution of Co3+ ions can accelerate the electrochemical activation of Li2MnO3 component, and the Co-doped compound delivers much higher capacities even they suffer an apparent voltage decay comparing to the Co-free one. Besides, a fast metal ions migration exists (e.g., from the metastable tetrahedral site to the lower energy cubic site) in initial dozens of cycles (e.g., 30 cycles at 0.1C); thereafter, they likely return to the original octahedral site, as demonstrated in the voltage decay and hysteresis analysis.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume265
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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