Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution under densely buffered neutral pH conditions

Tatsuya Shinagawa, Kazuhiro Takanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Under buffered neutral pH conditions, solute concentrations drastically influence the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The iR-free HER performance as a function of solute concentration was found to exhibit a volcano-shaped trend in sodium phosphate solution at pH 5, with the maximum occurring at 2 M. A detailed microkinetic model that includes calculated activity coefficients, solution resistance, and mass-transport parameters accurately describes the measured values, clarifying that the overall HER performance is predominantly governed by mass-transport of slow phosphate ions (weak acid). In the HER at the optimum concentration of approximately 2 M sodium phosphate at pH 5, our theoretical model predicts that the concentration overpotential accounts for more than half of the required overpotential. The substantial concentration overpotential would originate from the electrolyte property, suggesting that the proper electrolyte engineering will result in an improved apparent HER performances. The significance of concentration overpotential shown in the study is critical in the advancement of electrocatalysis, biocatalysis, and photocatalysis.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20453-20458
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume119
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2015

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