Air traffic has seen tremendous growth over the past decade pushing the need for enhanced air traffic management schemes. The L-band digital aeronautical communication system (LDACS) is gaining traction as a scheme of choice, and aims to exploit the capabilities of modern digital communication techniques and computing architectures. Cognitive radio-based approaches have also been proposed for LDACS to improve spectrum efficiency and communication capacity; however, these require intelligent compute capability in aircrafts that enforce limited space and power budgets. This paper proposes the use of multiplierless correlation to enable spectrum sensing in LDACS air-to-ground links, and its integration into the on-board LDACS system. The proposed architecture offers improved performance over traditional energy detection (ED) even at low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) with lower energy consumption than a multiplier-based correlator, while also assisting in receiver synchronization. We evaluate the proposed architecture on a Xilinx Zynq field-programmable gate array and show that our approach results in 28.3% reduction in energy consumption over the multiplier-based approach. Our results also show that the proposed architecture offers 100% accuracy in detection even at -12-dB SNR without requiring additional circuitry for noise estimation, which are an integral part of ED-based approaches.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Hardware and Architecture
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering