Efficient density matrix renormalization group algorithm to study Y junctions with integer and half-integer spin

Manoranjan Kumar, Aslam Parvej, Simil Thomas, S. Ramasesha, Z. G. Soos

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

An efficient density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) algorithm is presented and applied to Y junctions, systems with three arms of n sites that meet at a central site. The accuracy is comparable to DMRG of chains. As in chains, new sites are always bonded to the most recently added sites and the superblock Hamiltonian contains only new or once renormalized operators. Junctions of up to N=3n+1≈500 sites are studied with antiferromagnetic (AF) Heisenberg exchange J between nearest-neighbor spins S or electron transfer t between nearest neighbors in half-filled Hubbard models. Exchange or electron transfer is exclusively between sites in two sublattices with NA≠NB. The ground state (GS) and spin densities ρr=⟨Szr⟩ at site r are quite different for junctions with S=1/2, 1, 3/2, and 2. The GS has finite total spin SG=2S(S) for even (odd) N and for MG=SG in the SG spin manifold, ρr>0(
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume93
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2016

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