Periodic sub-wavelength SiO 2 nano-honeycombs are fabricated on GaN-based multiple quantum well solar cells by self-assembly polystyrene nanosphere lithography and reactive ion etching. The nano-honeycombs are found to be effective in suppressing the undesired surface reflections over a wide range of wavelengths. Under the illumination of air mass 1.5G solar simulator, conversion efficiency of the solar cell is enhanced by 24.4%. Simulations based on finite-difference time-domain method indicate that the improved performances result from the enhanced optical absorption in the active region due to the reflection suppression and enhanced forward scattering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)