Effects of hydrocarbons and water vapor on NOx using V 2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst reduction in combination with nonthermal plasma

Jae Ok Lee, Young Hoon Song*, Min Suk Cha, Seock Joon Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of hydrocarbons and water vapor on a combined deNOx process, which consists of nonthermal plasma oxidation and V2O 5-WO3/TiO2 selective catalytic reduction (SCR), are investigated. Test results show that the fast SCR reaction, which needs equimolar amounts of NO and NO2, plays a dominant role in reducing NOx under relatively low-temperature conditions, i.e., 150-200 °C. Under such low-temperature conditions, the oxidation of NO to NO 2 induced by nonthermal plasma is useful in controlling NO 2 fractions in NOx for the fast SCR reaction. The role of the fast SCR reaction, however, decreases when C3H6 is supplied to the process as simulated hydrocarbons in diesel exhausts. Test results yielded the following conclusions: (1) C3H6 leads to the production of aldehydes in the nonthermal plasma reactor. (2) The NO 2 fraction in the SCR reactor decreases as a result of aldehyde production, leading to a diminished role of the SCR reaction. This reduction in NO2 is predominant when water vapor is not added to the test gases. (3) The decreased role of the fast SCR reaction is recovered when water vapor is present in the treated gases, and the optimal NO2 fraction for peak deNOx conversion shifts to higher fractions (greater than 0.5), which should be considered in treating diesel exhaust.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5570-5575
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume46
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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