Effect of synthetic route on sintering behaviour, phase purity and conductivity of Sr- and Mg-doped LaGaO3 perovskites

Riccardo Polini*, Arianna Pamio, Enrico Traversa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

La1-xSrxGa1-yMgyO3-δ (LSGM) powders containing different amounts of Sr2+ and Mg2+ were prepared from precursors synthesised by either Pechini or citrate sol-gel method and by subsequent calcination at 1400 °C. Some powders were also submitted to further 10 h firing at 1500 °C. All as-calcined powders contained small amounts of Sr- and Ga-containing phases (namely SrLaGa3O7 and SrLaGaO4), as detected by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The relative amounts of these phases depended on x and y, i.e. the dopants' levels. Nevertheless, powders prepared by the citrate method exhibited systematically higher phase purity than those obtained by the Pechini process. Calcined powders were then sintered at 1500 °C (10 h) in air and the degree of sintering was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Phase composition of sintered pellets was different from that of powders. In fact, sintered pellets showed the presence of MgO, as detected by SEM, and of lesser amounts of SrLaGa3O7. Both these phases were less abundant in materials sintered using powders prepared by citrate method, thus suggesting that Pechini method does not represent the best wet chemical process for manufacturing. The conductivity of sintered pellets was measured by impedance spectroscopy in the 600-800 °C interval. Conductivity values of LSGM materials were affected by secondary phase segregation and, therefore, depended on both composition and sol-gel method synthetic route.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1365-1370
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Fuel cells
  • Perovskites
  • Powders-chemical preparation
  • Sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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