Effect of B-site cation stoichiometry on electrical fatigue of RuO2//Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3//RuO 2 capacitors

Husam Niman Alshareef*, B. A. Tuttle, W. L. Warren, T. J. Headley, D. Dimos, J. A. Voigt, R. D. Nasby

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations


There have been numerous reports that Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 (PZT) thin-film capacitors with RuO2 electrodes and compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary exhibit minimal decrease in switched polarization with electric-field cycling. We show that the fatigue performance of RuO2//PZT//RuO2 capacitors strongly depends on PZT film composition. Specifically, we demonstrate that the rate of polarization fatigue increases with increasing Ti content for PZT thin films of tetragonal crystal symmetry deposited on RuOelectrodes. As the Ti content of the PZT films increased, the film gain morphology changed from columnar to granular and the volume percent of a fluorite-type second phase decreased. These microstructural trends and the possibility that the electrode material acts as a sink for oxygen vacancies are discussed to explain the fatigue dependence on B-site cation ratio for PZT films with RuO2 electrodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1016
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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