Dielectric spectroscopy has been employed to study selectively the local and global dynamics of polyisoprene (PI) in three microphase separated star diblock copolymers (SI)4, where PI and polystyrene (PS) form the core and corona, respectively. The thermally induced order-to-disorder transition (ODT) has been identified by rheology and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). All dielectric measurements were made at temperatures well below the ODT and the polystyrene glass transition temperatures, where the four PI chain ends are tethered by the glassy polystyrene domains. The ordered state morphology, studied by SAXS, revealed the formation of PS spheres (fPS=0.25, where fPS is the polystyrene volume fraction), polyisoprene cylinders (fPS=0.68), and a lamellar structure (fPS=0.41) in the three copolymers. In contrast to the local segmental motions, the chain orientational dynamics associated with the amplitude and the characteristic relaxation time are strongly influenced by the spatial confinement. The main effects are the suppressed amplitude and the enhanced chain mobility, which are predicted and found to be stronger if the star topology is accompanied by topological (entanglement) effects of the PI block, irrespective of the ordered star morphology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - Oct 8 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry