Dual lattice incommensurabilities and enhanced lattice perfection by low-temperature thermal annealing in photoelectric (CH3NH3)PbBr3

Wen-Hsien Li, Chi-Hung Lee, Tsu-Yin Ling, Ma-Hsuan Ma, Pai-Chun Wei, Jr-Hau He, Chun-Min Wu, Jen-Chih Peng, Guangyong Xu, Yang Zhao, Jeffrey W. Lynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The coupling between the organic CH3NH3+ cations and inorganic perovskite PbBr3– framework in a large single crystal of (CH3NH3)PbBr3 weighing 13 g was studied using neutron diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering. Two lattice incommensurate (ICM) phases were found; one at higher temperatures, marked ICMHT, appeared between 150 and 134 K. The second one, marked ICMLT, developed below 143 K and remained at 75 K. The transition from the ICMLT to ICMHT phase upon warming gave rise to extremely large lattice shrinking, followed by extremely large lattice expansion of the tetragonal basal plane of the PbBr3 lattice. There was a progressive decrease in the width of the diffuse peak at the Bragg position from the PbBr3– lattice upon warming, which can be described using a critical exponent to show complete ordering of the atoms into a (CH3NH3 )PbBr3 lattice at 200 K. (CH3NH3 )PbBr3 exhibits six definitive acousticlike phonon branches at 75 K. The six branches reconstruct into two at 200 K, with the frequencies of both the transverse and longitudinal modes greatly enhanced. The asymmetric structure of the CH3NH3 ions together with the indirect interactions between the CH3NH3 ions mediated through the Br ions are used to understand the observed behaviors.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

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