Drinking water treatment in The Netherlands: Outstanding and still ambitious

J. A.M.H. Hofman*, G. F. Ijpelaar, S. G.J. Heijman, Johannes Vrouwenvelder, J. C. Kruithof, W. G.J. Van Der Meer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water treatment in The Netherlands has developed to an outstanding level. Nevertheless, new challenges, such as protozoa (e.g. Cryptosporidium), Legionella, endocrine disrupting compounds and pharmaceuticals, have to be faced. These challenges can have a negative effect on customer confidence and the overall reputation of water supply. The Dutch water supply companies therefore have set a new ambition for water quality. To realize this ambition an integral approach to water treatment involving new technologies as membrane filtration and UV is necessary. The paper will present the possibilities of the current level of technology, how it relates to the vision and ambition of the Dutch drinking water sector and the role of research - especially in UV technology and membrane filtration - in realizing long-term goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-262
Number of pages10
JournalWater Science and Technology: Water Supply
Volume4
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Impeccable water quality
  • Membrane filtration
  • State-of-the-art
  • UV-technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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