Downlink Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) in Poisson Networks

Konpal S. Ali, Martin Haenggi, Hesham Elsawy, Anas Chaaban, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A network model is considered where Poisson distributed base stations transmit to N power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) users (UEs) each {that employ successive interference cancellation (SIC) for decoding}. We propose three models for the clustering of NOMA UEs and consider two different ordering techniques for the NOMA UEs: mean signal power-based and instantaneous signal-to-intercell-interference-and-noise-ratio-based. For each technique, we present a signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio analysis for the coverage of the typical UE. We plot the rate region for the two-user case and show that neither ordering technique is consistently superior to the other. We propose two efficient algorithms for finding a feasible resource allocation that maximize the cell sum rate Rtot, for general N, constrained to: 1) a minimum throughput T for each UE, 2) identical throughput for all UEs. We show the existence of: 1) an optimum N that maximizes the constrained Rtot given a set of network parameters, 2) a critical SIC level necessary for NOMA to outperform orthogonal multiple access. The results highlight the importance in choosing the network parameters N, the constraints, and the ordering technique to balance the Rtot and fairness requirements. We also show that interference-aware UE clustering can significantly improve performance.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1613-1628
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 22 2018

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