Doxorubicin (DOX) is a broad-spectrum antineoplastic drug; however, its serious cardiotoxic side effects in inflammatory responses limit its use in clinical applications. Dopamine D1 receptor (DRD1), a G protein-coupled receptor, is crucial for the development and function of the nervous system; additionally, it also play a role in immune regulation. However, the specific role of DRD1 in DOX-induced cardiac inflammation has not yet been clarified. Here, we discovered that DRD1 expression was induced by DOX treatment in H9C2 cardiomyocytes. DRD1 activation by A-68930, a DRD1-specific agonist, decreased DOX-induced nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) expression, caspase-1 activation, and IL-1β maturation in H9C2 cells. Expression of the cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 in the supernatants was also inhibited by A-68930 treatment. DRD1 knockdown, using siRNA, abolished the effects of A-68930 on the DOX-induced NLRP3 inflammasome. Furthermore, we found that DRD1 signaling downregulated the NLRP3 inflammasome in H9C2 cells through cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Moreover, application of A-68930 to activate DRD1 reduced cardiac injury and fibrosis in a DOX-treated mouse model by suppressing the NLRP3 inflammasome in the heart. These findings indicate that DRD1 signaling may protect against DOX-induced cardiac injury by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|State||Published - May 13 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology