DNA Sequencing of Small Bowel Adenocarcinomas Identifies Targetable Recurrent Mutations in the ERBB2 Signaling Pathway

Liana Adam, F Anthony San Lucas, Jerry Fowler, Yao Yu, Wenhui Wu, Yulun Liu, Huamin Wang, David G. Menter, Michael T. Tetzlaff, Joe E Ensor, Ganiraju Manyam, Stefan T. Arold, Chad D Huff, Scott Kopetz, Paul Scheet, Michael J Overman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Little is known about the genetic alterations characteristic of small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). Our purpose was to identify targetable alterations and develop experimental models of this disease. Experimental Design: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was completed on 17 SBA patient samples and targeted-exome sequencing (TES) on 27 samples to confirm relevant driver mutations. Two SBA models with ERBB2 kinase activating mutations were tested for sensitivity to anti-ERBB2 agents in vivo and in vitro. Biochemical changes were measured by reverse-phase protein arrays. Results: WES identified somatic mutations in 4 canonical pathways (WNT, ERBB2, STAT3, and chromatin remodeling), which were validated in the TES cohort. While APC mutations were present in only 23% of samples, additional WNT-related alterations were seen in 12%. ERBB2 mutations and amplifications were present in 23% of samples. Patients with alterations in the ERBB2 signaling cascade (64%) demonstrated worse clinical outcomes (median survival 70.3 months vs. 109 months; log-rank hazard ratio 2.4, p=0.03). Two ERBB2-mutated (V842I and Y803H) cell lines were generated from SBA patient samples. Both demonstrated high sensitivity to ERBB2 inhibitor dacomitinib (IC50
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-651
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2018

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