Dispersion and holdup in multiphase packed bed microreactors

Nathalie Márquez, Pedro Castaño, Michiel Makkee, Jacob A. Moulijn, Michiel T. Kreutzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liquid holdup and dispersion are reported for a column of 2 mm internal diameter, filled with 0.1 mm spherical particles, for multiphase flows with hydrocarbon liquid flow rates of 10-100 μL/min and nitrogen gas flow rates of 50-1000 μL/min using different tracers with varying diffusion coefficients and vapor pressures. It was found that the liquid holdup (liquid volume/external void volume) was between 0.65 and 0.85, with variations between different experiments and limited impact of flow rate on the holdup. The dispersion characteristics were very similar to single-phase dispersion. The particle Peclet number for dispersion was close to 0.2. This value was of the same order of magnitude - just a factor of two to three lower - as the value that was obtained without gas flow. Tracer volatility did cause the tracer to elude earlier, but did not cause significant additional dispersion. The results suggest that the fluid mechanical interaction between the gas and the liquid was very limited. © 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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