Dispersal and noise: Various modes of synchrony in ecological oscillators

Paul C. Bressloff, Yi Ming Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use the theory of noise-induced phase synchronization to analyze the effects of dispersal on the synchronization of a pair of predator-prey systems within a fluctuating environment (Moran effect). Assuming that each isolated local population acts as a limit cycle oscillator in the deterministic limit, we use phase reduction and averaging methods to derive a Fokker-Planck equation describing the evolution of the probability density for pairwise phase differences between the oscillators. In the case of common environmental noise, the oscillators ultimately synchronize. However the approach to synchrony depends on whether or not dispersal in the absence of noise supports any stable asynchronous states. We also show how the combination of partially correlated noise with dispersal can lead to a multistable steady-state probability density. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1669-1690
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Mathematical Biology
Volume67
Issue number6-7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2012
Externally publishedYes

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