Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) has been used to observe changes in the -band structure in poly(3-hexylthiphene) induced by doping using NOPF6. The charge-induced movement of the Fermi energy and a finite density of electronic states at the Fermi energy in the most highly doped (saturated) material are seen unambiguously with UPS for the first time in a conjugated polymer. The results imply the existence of a new, recently predicted theoretically, but hitherto unobserved, polaron-lattice state of this conjugated polymer at the saturation-doping level.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)