We present a universal approach for determining the spontaneous polarization P sp of a wurtzite semiconductor from the emission energies of excitons bound to the different types of stacking faults in these crystals. Employing microphotoluminescence and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy, we observe emission lines from the intrinsic and extrinsic stacking faults in strain-free GaN microcrystals. By treating the polarization sheet charges associated with these stacking faults as a plate capacitor, P sp can be obtained from the observed transition energies with no additional assumptions. Self-consistent Poisson-Schrödinger calculations, aided by the microscopic electrostatic potential computed using density-functional theory, lead to nearly identical values for P sp. Our recommended value for P sp of GaN is -0.022±0.007 C/m2.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Aug 9 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics