Dimensional analysis of steady state flux for microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes

S. Elmaleh*, L. Vera, R. Villarroel-López, L. Abdelmoumni, NorEddine Ghaffour, S. Delgado

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dimensional analysis of the mass, length and time shows that the steady state flux observed for microfiltration or ultrafiltration through inorganic composite membrane can be expressed using two dimensionless numbers. The shear stress number N(s) compares the shear stress against the membrane wall to the driving pressure, while the resistance number N(f) compares the convective cross-flow transport to the drived transport through a layer, whose resistance is the sum of all the resistances induced by the different processes which limit the mass transport. Experimental data obtained in ultrafiltration of hydrocarbon emulsions and microfiltration of methanogenic bacteria suspensions and secondary treated wastewater were recalculated in terms of these dimensionless groups. Straight lines were plotted whose slope depends solely on the suspension and the membrane and not on the solute concentration. A negative slope and a positive intersection with the N(s) axis means that a cake layer or a polarization layer can be completely eliminated at a critical cross-flow velocity; this was the case for an inorganic particles suspension and for the methanogenic suspension. A straight line of negative slope followed by a plateau means that an irreversible fouling is superimposed to the reversible phenomenon; this was observed for a secondary treated wastewater. A positive slope means that fouling predominates: this was observed with hydrocarbon emulsions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume139
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 1998

Keywords

  • Dimensional analysis
  • Fouling
  • Inorganic membranes
  • Microfiltration
  • Ultrafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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