The characteristics of autoignited laminar lifted methane/hydrogen jet flames in heated coflow air are numerically investigated using laminarSMOKE code with a 57-species detailed methane/air chemical kinetic mechanism. Detailed numerical simulations are performed for various fuel jet velocities, U0, with different hydrogen ratio of the fuel jet, RH, and the inlet temperature, T0. Based on the flame characteristics, the autoignited laminar lifted jet flames can be categorized into three regimes of combustion mode: the tribrachial edge flame regime, the Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion regime, and the transition regime in between. Under relatively low temperature and high hydrogen ratio (LTHH) conditions, an unusual decreasing liftoff height, HL, behavior with increasing U0 is observed, qualitatively similar to those of previous experimental observations. From additional simulations with modified hydrogen mass diffusivity, it is substantiated that the unusual decreasing HL behavior is primarily attributed to the high diffusive nature of hydrogen molecules. The species transport budget, autoignition index, and displacement speed analyses verify that the autoignited lifted jet flames are stabilized by autoignition-assisted flame propagation or autoignition depending on the combustion regime. Chemical explosive mode analysis (CEMA) identifies important variables and reaction steps for the MILD combustion and tribrachial edge flame regimes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Combustion and Flame|
|State||Published - Oct 10 2018|