Development of high performance ceria/bismuth oxide bilayered electrolyte SOFCs for lower temperature operation

J. S. Ahn, M. A. Camaratta, D. Pergolesi, K. T. Lee, H. Yoon, B. W. Lee, D. W. Jung, Enrico Traversa, E. D. Wachsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the development of lower temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and the incremental improvement in performance obtained from a wide range of techniques, from pressed anodes to tape-cast anodes, from gadolinia-doped ceria (GDC) single-layer electrolytes to erbium-stabilized bismuth oxide (ESB)/GDC bilayer, and from La0.6 Sr0.4 Co0.2 Fe0.8 O3-δ -GDC composite cathodes to optimized Bi2 Ru2 O7 -ESB composites. GDC single-layer electrolyte-based SOFCs were prepared from four different fabrications and exhibit maximum power densities ranging from 0.338 to 1.03 W/ cm2 at 650°C. At each fabrication stage, an ESB layer was applied to form a bilayer electrolyte. ESB was deposited by a range of techniques including colloidal deposition and pulsed laser deposition. The result confirms that depending on a fabrication route, the bilayer electrolyte can reduce the total area specific resistance (ASR) 33-49% and increase the maximum power density 44-93%. By using a combination of the materials and fabrication routes, a maximum power density of 1.95 W/ cm2 and 0.079 ω cm 2 total cell ASR was achieved at 650°C for a bilayer cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume157
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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