Development of high performance carboxylated PIM-1/P84 blend membranes for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol and CO 2 /CH 4 separation

Peyman Salehian, Wai Fen Yong, Tai-Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

By taking the advantages of high permeability characteristics of carboxylated PIM-1 (cPIM-1) and high selectivity properties of P84, a new type of cPIM-1/P84 blend membranes has been designed in this study for pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol and CO 2 /CH 4 separation. P84 is known to be a highly selective polyimide with low permeability for alcohol dehydration and gas separation, while cPIM-1 is a highly permeable PIM-1 modified via hydrolysis reaction. Polarized light microscopy was employed to study their homogeneity. It was found that the P84/cPIM-1 blends were fully miscible when either cPIM-1 or P84 content was at or lower than 10 wt%. The molecular-level interactions were further confirmed by FTIR and DSC. The cPIM-1 loading has significant impact on sorption and diffusion of water and IPA in blends, as indicated by vapor sorption tests. The pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol (IPA) shows that the incorporation of only 10 wt% cPIM-1 in the P84 matrix enhances the water permeability by 87% without compromising its selectivity. It has an IPA/water selectivity of 6263 and a water permeability of 0.0864 mg m −1  h −1  Kpa −1 . Similarly, the addition of 30 wt% cPIM-1 into P84 increases the CO 2 permeability by 430% from the original 1.3 to 6.98 Barrers. The P84/cPIM-1 membrane containing 90% cPIM-1 has the CO 2 /CH 4 separation performance surpassing the Robson upper bound. The newly developed compatible cPIM-1/P84 blend membranes exhibit great potential for the applications of alcohol dehydration and gas separation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-119
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume518
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2016

Keywords

  • Gas separation
  • Isopropanol dehydration
  • Polyimides
  • Polymer blends
  • cPIM-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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