Transition metal cobalt (Co) nanoparticle was designed as catalyst to promote the conversion reaction of Sn to SnO 2 during the delithiation process which is deemed as an irreversible reaction. The designed nanocomposite, named as SnO 2 /Co 3 O 4 /reduced-graphene-oxide (rGO), was synthesized by a simple two-step method composed of hydrothermal (1 st step) and solvothermal (2nd step) synthesis processes. Compared to the pristine SnO 2 /rGO and SnO 2 /Co 3 O 4 electrodes, SnO 2 /Co 3 O 4 /rGO nanocomposites exhibit significantly enhanced electrochemical performance as the anode material of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The SnO 2 /Co 3 O 4 /rGO nanocomposites can deliver high specific capacities of 1038 and 712 mAh g -1 at the current densities of 100 and 1000 mA g -1 , respectively. In addition, the SnO 2 /Co 3 O 4 /rGO nanocomposites also exhibit 641 mAh g -1 at a high current density of 1000 mA g -1 after 900 cycles, indicating an ultra-long cycling stability under high current density. Through ex-situ TEM analysis, the excellent electrochemical performance was attributed to the catalytic effect of Co nanoparticles to promote the conversion of Sn to SnO 2 and the decomposition of Li 2 O during the delithiation process. Based on the results, herein we propose a new method in employing the catalyst to increase the capacity of alloying-dealloying type anode material to beyond its theoretical value and enhance the electrochemical performance.
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