Design principles of lead-carbon additives toward better lead-carbon batteries

Wenli Zhang, Jian Yin, Haibo Lin, Ke Lu, Fan Feng, Xueqing Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the last 20 years, lead-acid battery has experienced a paradigm transition to lead-carbon batteries due to the huge demand for renewable energy storage and start-stop hybrid electric vehicles. Carbon additives show a positive effect for retarding the sulfation of Pb negative electrode toward the partial state of charge operation. Lead-carbon composite additive could synergistically solve the problem of sulfation while inhibiting parasitic hydrogen evolution reaction of carbon. The design principles of lead-carbon additives toward future lead-carbon batteries are discussed in this paper.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100802
JournalCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
Volume30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2021

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