Design of BaZr0.8y0.2O3-δ protonic conductor to improve the electrochemical performance in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs)

A. D'Epifanio*, E. Fabbri, E. Di Bartolomeo, S. Licoccia, Enrico Traversa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

BaZr0.8Y0.2O3-δ, (BZY), a protonic conductor candidate as an electrolyte for intermediate temperature (500-700°C) solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), was prepared using a sol-gel technique to control stoichiometry and microstructural properties. Several synthetic parameters were investigated: the metal cation precursors were dissolved in two solvents (water and ethylene glycol), and different molar ratios of citric acid with respect to the total metal content were used. A single phase was obtained at a temperature as low as 1,100°C. The powders were sintered between 1,450 and 1,600°C. The phase composition of the resulting specimens was investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Microstructural characterisation was performed using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Chemical stability of the BZY oxide was evaluated upon exposure to CO2 for 3 h at 900°C, and BZY showed no degradation in the testing conditions. Fuel cell polarisation curves on symmetric Pt/BZY/Pt cells of different thicknesses were measured at 500-700°C. Improvements in the electrochemical performance were obtained using alternative materials for electrodes, such as NiO-BZY cermet and LSCF (La0.8Sr0.2Co0.8Fe0.2O3), and reducing the thickness of the BZY electrolyte, reaching a maximum value of power density of 7.0 mW cm-2 at 700°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalFuel Cells
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

Keywords

  • Doped barium zirconate BZY
  • High temperature proton conductors (HTPCs)
  • IT-SOFC
  • Power density
  • Protonic conductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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