The dependence of the lamellar thickness (I) of an extended-chain single crystal (ECSC) of polyethylene (PE) crystallized at various pressures below or at the triple-point pressure (Ptri = 0.5 GPa) on the degree of super-cooling (ΔT) and the pressure have been studied. The value of I increased with the decrease in ΔT [i.e. increase in the crystallization temperature (Tc)] at a fixed pressure, similar to the well known ΔT dependence of I for a folded-chain single crystal (FCC). The observed maximum value of I, obtained at the lowest ΔT (Imax) increased with increasing pressure and the crystal changed from FCC to an extended-chain crystal (ECC) at ca. 0.25 GPa. Application of the chain-sliding diffusion theory, previously proposed by one of the authors (M.H.) was found to explain well observed significant ΔT dependence of I and the pressure dependence of Imax. It was proposed that the value of I is determined by the cessation of lamellar thickening growth at the phase transition from metastable hexagonal to stable orthorhombic. The phase transition was also studied and it is suggested to be a nucleation-controlled process of the primary nucleus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1995|