Dependence of the lamellar thickness of an extended-chain single crystal of polyethylene on the degree of supercooling and the pressure

M. Hikosaka, H. Okada, A. Toda, S. Rastogi, A. Keller

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Abstract

The dependence of the lamellar thickness (I) of an extended-chain single crystal (ECSC) of polyethylene (PE) crystallized at various pressures below or at the triple-point pressure (Ptri = 0.5 GPa) on the degree of super-cooling (ΔT) and the pressure have been studied. The value of I increased with the decrease in ΔT [i.e. increase in the crystallization temperature (Tc)] at a fixed pressure, similar to the well known ΔT dependence of I for a folded-chain single crystal (FCC). The observed maximum value of I, obtained at the lowest ΔT (Imax) increased with increasing pressure and the crystal changed from FCC to an extended-chain crystal (ECC) at ca. 0.25 GPa. Application of the chain-sliding diffusion theory, previously proposed by one of the authors (M.H.) was found to explain well observed significant ΔT dependence of I and the pressure dependence of Imax. It was proposed that the value of I is determined by the cessation of lamellar thickening growth at the phase transition from metastable hexagonal to stable orthorhombic. The phase transition was also studied and it is suggested to be a nucleation-controlled process of the primary nucleus.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2573-2579
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions
Volume91
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

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