Demography-adjusted tests of neutrality based on genome-wide SNP data

Marina Rafajlović, Alexander Klassmann, Anders Eriksson, Thomas H E Wiehe, Bernhard Mehlig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tests of the neutral evolution hypothesis are usually built on the standard model which assumes that mutations are neutral and the population size remains constant over time. However, it is unclear how such tests are affected if the last assumption is dropped. Here, we extend the unifying framework for tests based on the site frequency spectrum, introduced by Achaz and Ferretti, to populations of varying size. Key ingredients are the first two moments of the site frequency spectrum. We show how these moments can be computed analytically if a population has experienced two instantaneous size changes in the past. We apply our method to data from ten human populations gathered in the 1000 genomes project, estimate their demographies and define demography-adjusted versions of Tajima's D, Fay & Wu's H, and Zeng's E. Our results show that demography-adjusted test statistics facilitate the direct comparison between populations and that most of the differences among populations seen in the original unadjusted tests can be explained by their underlying demographies. Upon carrying out whole-genome screens for deviations from neutrality, we identify candidate regions of recent positive selection. We provide track files with values of the adjusted and unadjusted tests for upload to the UCSC genome browser. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalTheoretical Population Biology
Volume95
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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