For a sustainable energy future, research directions should orient toward exploring new fuels suitable for future advanced combustion engines to achieve better engine efficiency and significantly less harmful emissions. Cyclic ketones, among bio-derived fuels, are of significant interest to the combustion community for several reasons. As they possess high resistance to autoignition characteristics, they can potentially be attractive for fuel blending applications to increase engine efficiency and also to mitigate harmful emissions. Despite their importance, very few studies are rendered in understanding of the chemical kinetic behavior of cyclic ketones under engine-relevant conditions. In this work, we have conducted an experimental investigation for the reaction kinetics of OH radicals with cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone for the first time over a wide range of experimental conditions (T = 900–1330 K and p ≈ 1.2 bar) in a shock tube. Reaction kinetics was followed by monitoring UV laser absorption of OH radicals near 306.7 nm. Our measured rate coefficients, with an overall uncertainty (2σ) of ±20%, can be expressed in Arrhenius form as (in units of cm3 molecule–1 s–1): (902–1297 K); (935–1331 K). Combining our measured data with the single low-temperature literature data, the following three-parameter Arrhenius expressions (in units of cm3 molecule–1 s–1) are obtained over a wider temperature range: k1(CPO + OH) = (298–1297 K); (298–1331 K). Discrepancies between the theoretical and current experimental results are observed. Earlier theoretical works are found to overpredict our measured rate coefficients. Interestingly, these cyclic ketones exhibit similar reactivity behavior to that of their linear ketone counterparts over the experimental conditions of this work.