CVD-Grown Monolayer Graphene-Based Geometric Diode for THz Rectennas

Heng Wang, Gaurav Jayaswal, Geetanjali Deokar, John Stearns, Pedro M. F. J. Da Costa, Garret Moddel, Atif Shamim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

For THz rectennas, ultra-fast diodes are required. While the metal–insulator–metal (MIM) diode has been investigated in recent years, it suffers from large resistance and capacitance, as well as a low cut-off frequency. Alternatively, a geometric diode can be used, which is more suitable due to its planar structure. However, there is only one report of a THz geometric diode based on a monolayer graphene. It is based on exfoliated graphene, and thus, it is not suitable for mass production. In this work, we demonstrate chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown monolayer graphene based geometric diodes, which are mass-producible. The diode’s performance has been studied experimentally by varying the neck widths from 250–50 nm, the latter being the smallest reported neck width for a graphene geometric diode. It was observed that by decreasing the neck widths, the diode parameters such as asymmetry, nonlinearity, zero-bias resistance, and responsivity increased within the range studied. For the 50 nm neck width diode, the asymmetry ratio was 1.40 for an applied voltage ranging from −2 V to 2 V, and the zero-bias responsivity was 0.0628 A/W. The performance of the diode was also verified through particle-in-cell Monte Carlo simulations, which showed that the simulated current-voltage characteristics were consistent with our experimental results.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1986
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 2021

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