Covalent bonding and hybridization effects in the corundum-type transition-metal oxides V2O3 and Ti2O 3

V. Eyert*, Udo Schwingenschloegl, U. Eckern

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electronic structure of the corundum-type transition-metal oxides V2O3 and Ti2O3 is studied by means of the augmented spherical wave method, based on density-functional theory and the local density approximation. Comparing the results for the vanadate and the titanate allows us to understand the peculiar shape of the metal 3d a 1g density of states, which is present in both compounds. The a 1g states are subject to pronounced bonding-antibonding splitting due to metal-metal overlap along the c-axis of the corundum structure. However, the corresponding partial density of states is strongly asymmetric with considerably more weight on the high-energy branch. We argue that this asymmetry is due to an unexpected broadening of the bonding a1g states, which is caused by hybridization with the egπ bands. In contrast, the antibonding a1g states display no such hybridization and form a sharp peak. Our results shed new light on the role of the a 1g orbitals for the metal-insulator transitions of V 2O3. In particular, due to a1ge gπ hybridization, an interpretation in terms of molecular orbital singlet states on the metal-metal pairs along the c-axis is not an adequate description.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-788
Number of pages7
JournalEurophysics Letters
Volume70
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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