The leakage of sound waves in a resonance based rainbow trapping device prevents the sound wave being trapped in a specific location. In this study, we report a design of sound trapping device based on coupled Helmholtz resonators, loaded to an air waveguide, which can effectively tackle the wave leakage issue. We show that coupled resonators structure can generate dips in the transmission spectrum by an analytical model derived from Newton’s second law and numerical analysis based on finite-element method. An effective medium theory is derived, which shows that coupled resonators cause a negative effective bulk modulus near the resonance frequency and induce flat bands that give rise to the confinement of the incoming wave inside the resonators. We compute the transmission spectra and band diagram from the effective medium theory, which are consistent with the simulation results. Trapping and high absorption of sound wave energy are demonstrated with our designed device.