CO2 separation from flue gas using polyvinyl-(room temperature ionic liquid)-room temperature ionic liquid composite membranes

Pei Li, K. P. Pramoda, Tai Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, a vinyl-functionalized room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), 1-vinyl-3-butylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([vbim][Tf 2N]), has been successfully synthesized. The RTIL was further polymerized and mixed with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([bmim][Tf2N]) to form the free-standing poly([vbim][Tf2N])-[bmim][Tf2N] composite films. The compositions of [bmim][Tf2N] in the composite membranes were designed at 15, 30, 45, and 60 wt %. The pristine poly([vbim][Tf 2N]) and poly([vbim][Tf2N])-[bmim][Tf2N] composite membranes exhibit similar permeability selectivities as the standard [bmim][Tf2N] but permeabilities are enhanced up to 5 times higher than the equivalent polystyrene-RTIL and polyacrylate-RTIL membranes. An increase in [bmim][Tf2N] concentration of poly([vbim][Tf 2N])-[bmim][Tf2N] composite membranes results in an increase in solubility, diffusivity, and permeability coefficients of CO 2 and N2 but does not change the CO2/N 2 selectivities of the solubility, diffusivity, and permeability. The CO2 permeability of the 60 wt % composite at 35 °C, 10 atm is 559 barrers in pure gas tests which is closer to 60% of the [bmim][Tf 2N] permeability (i.e., 1344 barrers). In addition, the 60 wt % composite membrane exhibits a CO2 permeability of 491.2 barrers and a CO2/N2 selectivity of 20 in mixed gas tests using CO 2/N2 (50:50) as the feed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9344-9353
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume50
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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