We report the correlated d0 ferromagnetism and photoluminescence in undoped single-crystalline ZnO nanowires synthesized by using a vapor transport method. We systematically tune the oxygen deficiency in the ZnO nanowires from 4% to 20% by adjusting the growth conditions, i.e., selecting different catalyst (Au or Ag) and varying the growth temperature. Our study suggests that oxygen vacancies induce characteristic photoluminescence and significantly boost the room-temperature ferromagnetism. Such undoped ZnO nanowires with tunable magnetic and optical properties are promising to find applications in multifunctional spintronic and photonic nanodevices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)