The use of Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals (BMCs) has been proposed recently as a tool for the improvement of coral health, with knowledge in this research topic advancing rapidly. BMCs are defined as consortia of microorganisms that contribute to coral health through mechanisms that include (a) promoting coral nutrition and growth, (b) mitigating stress and impacts of toxic compounds, (c) deterring pathogens, and (d) benefiting early life-stage development. Here, we review the current proposed BMC approach and outline the studies that have proven its potential to increase coral resilience to stress. We revisit and expand the list of putative beneficial microorganisms associated with corals and their proposed mechanismsthat facilitate improved host performance. Further, we discuss the caveats and bottlenecks affecting the efficacy of BMCs and close by focusing on the next steps to facilitate application at larger scales that can improve outcomes for corals and reefs globally.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Annual Review of Animal Biosciences|
|State||Published - Feb 15 2021|
- Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals
- coral reef
- environmental adaptation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
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TY - JOUR
T1 - Coral Probiotics
T2 - Premise, Promise, Prospects
AU - Peixoto, Raquel S.
AU - Sweet, Michael
AU - Villela, Helena D.M.
AU - Cardoso, Pedro
AU - Thomas, Torsten
AU - Voolstra, Christian R.
AU - Høj, Lone
AU - Bourne, David G.
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PY - 2021/2/15
Y1 - 2021/2/15
N2 - The use of Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals (BMCs) has been proposed recently as a tool for the improvement of coral health, with knowledge in this research topic advancing rapidly. BMCs are defined as consortia of microorganisms that contribute to coral health through mechanisms that include (a) promoting coral nutrition and growth, (b) mitigating stress and impacts of toxic compounds, (c) deterring pathogens, and (d) benefiting early life-stage development. Here, we review the current proposed BMC approach and outline the studies that have proven its potential to increase coral resilience to stress. We revisit and expand the list of putative beneficial microorganisms associated with corals and their proposed mechanismsthat facilitate improved host performance. Further, we discuss the caveats and bottlenecks affecting the efficacy of BMCs and close by focusing on the next steps to facilitate application at larger scales that can improve outcomes for corals and reefs globally.
AB - The use of Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals (BMCs) has been proposed recently as a tool for the improvement of coral health, with knowledge in this research topic advancing rapidly. BMCs are defined as consortia of microorganisms that contribute to coral health through mechanisms that include (a) promoting coral nutrition and growth, (b) mitigating stress and impacts of toxic compounds, (c) deterring pathogens, and (d) benefiting early life-stage development. Here, we review the current proposed BMC approach and outline the studies that have proven its potential to increase coral resilience to stress. We revisit and expand the list of putative beneficial microorganisms associated with corals and their proposed mechanismsthat facilitate improved host performance. Further, we discuss the caveats and bottlenecks affecting the efficacy of BMCs and close by focusing on the next steps to facilitate application at larger scales that can improve outcomes for corals and reefs globally.
KW - Beneficial Microorganisms for Corals
KW - BMCs
KW - coral reef
KW - environmental adaptation
KW - holobiont
KW - microbiome
KW - probiotics
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85100934708&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1146/annurev-animal-090120-115444
DO - 10.1146/annurev-animal-090120-115444
M3 - Review article
C2 - 33321044
AN - SCOPUS:85100934708
VL - 9
SP - 265
EP - 288
JO - Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
JF - Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
SN - 2165-8102