Conversion of chlorinated volatile organic compounds to carbon dioxide and methyl chloride for isotopic analysis of carbon and chlorine

Ben D. Holt, Neil C. Sturchio*, Teofilo A. Abrajano, Linnea J. Heraty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

A nonaqueous, high-temperature method is described for converting micromole quantities of chlorinated volatile organic compounds to CO2 and CH3Cl for C and Cl isotope ratio determinations. This method provides an improved analytical approach for using C and Cl isotope ratios in studies of the biodegradation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in the environment. Conversion of reagent CH3Cl to CO2 + CuCl and then conversion of the CuCl back to CH3Cl by the present method gives typical yields of 99 ± 1% for CO2 and 91 ± 1% for CH3Cl, both products of >99% purity. An offset of -0.23 ± 0.05‰ is observed between the 37Cl/35Cl ratios of product and initial CH3Cl. Precision of the isotopic ratio measurements is better than ± 0.1‰ for a variety of chlorinated volatile organic compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2727-2733
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume69
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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