As a first step towards exploration of Mars and beyond, humanity will again be landing on the surface of the Moon. The increase in computational capability since Apollo allows more capable on-board G&C algorithms to be implemented, both for manned and unmanned missions, This paper explores the trade-space of fuel-optimal trajectories from a Lunar parking orbit to soft landing, constraining both translational and attitude states in selected phases of the decent trajectory. A Legendre pseudospectral method is used to discretize and optimize the entire trajectory. Operational constraints include continuous (i.e., finite non-zero) thrust during braking, de-orbit perigee height specifications, and final vertical descent.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Advances in the Astronautical Sciences|
|Number of pages||22|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2006|