The laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV) measures the velocity distribution of particles which is often an acceptable representation of the distribution of gas velocities. However, in turbulent two stream mixing flows, the particle velocity distribution will differ from the gas velocity distribution when the particle densities in the two streams are unequal. This bias is explored in a reacting and nonreacting turbulent jet which is surrounded by coflowing air. By adding seed particles to only the coflow air and then to only the jet fluid, the limits of this bias are established. Additional measurements with an LDV triggered laser Raman scattering system demonstrate that the bias in the LDV sampling is propagated to the Raman measurements. An analytical equation is presented which will generate unbiased velocity and scalar distributions from measurements obtained from seeding only one stream at a time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes