Comprehensive insights into performance of water gap and air gap membrane distillation modules using hollow fiber membranes

Baek-Gyu Im, Lijo Francis, Ravichandran Santosh, Woo-Seung Kim, NorEddine Ghaffour, Young-Deuk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A commercially available microporous polypropylene hollow fiber membranes were employed for air gap and water gap membrane distillation (i.e., AGMD and WGMD, respectively) processes. In both configurations, the outer surface of commercially available dense polypropylene hollow fibers was used as the condensing surface of the permeate. The performance levels of the AGMD and WGMD processes utilizing microporous polyvinylidene fluoride membranes fabricated in-house were compared with those using polypropylene membranes. Under the given specific operating conditions, the maximum mean permeation flux values in AGMD and WGMD using polypropylene hollow fiber membranes were approximately 24 and 27 kg/m2h, respectively. In addition, theoretical studies on AGMD and WGMD using the designed hollow fiber module configuration were performed. The predicted results were found to well agree with the experimental results, thus verifying their validity. Moreover, parametric studies were conducted to identify the optimum evaporation-to-condensation surface area ratio (i.e., optimum numbers of hollow fiber membranes and hollow fiber condensers) in terms of specific energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115497
JournalDesalination
Volume525
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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