Using the sol-gel process, we prepared three groups of Er-doped glasses, namely, Er-doped SiO2-AlO1.5 (SAE) glass, Er-doped SiO2-TiO2-AlO1.5 (STAE) glass, and Er-doped SiO2-GeO2-AlO1.5 (SGAE) glass. Various erbium concentration and different host composition under the same processing condition have been studied in order to optimize the material composition to get the strongest fluorescence emission for each material system. It has been found that for SAE glass, the strongest fluorescence emission is obtained when the mole ratio of the three constituent oxides is 100SiO2 : 20AlO1.5 : 2ErO1.5. For the STAE material system, the best composition ratio for the strongest fluorescence emission is 93 SiO2 : 7TiO2 : 20AlO1.5 : 1ErO1.5, whereas the value for SGAE glass is 90SiO2 : 10GeO2 : 20AlO1.5 : 1ErO1.5. But the relative lifetimes were obtained with the recipe 100SiO2 : 10AlO1.5 : 1ErO1.5 for SAE series, 90 SiO2 : 10GeO2 : 10AlO1.5 : 1ErO1.5 for SGAE group and 93 SiO2 : 7TiO2 : 20AlO1.5 : 1ErO1.5 for STAE group. Using these recipes, three 20-layer (up to 2.5 μm) crack-free films have been deposited on silica-on-silicon (SOS) substrates with multiple spin-coating and rapid thermal annealing (RTA). Only the STAE film and the SGAE film are found to guide light. The experimental results show that STAE glasses have higher hydrophilicity than SGAE glasses and SGAE glasses has lower crystallization temperature than STAE glasses. The fact that these waveguiding films emit relatively strong fluorescence around the wavelength of 1.55 μm implies that such planar waveguides are potential candidates from which integrated optical waveguide amplifiers and lasers operating at the third optical fiber communication window can be fabricated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics