Comparative Analyses of H3K4 and H3K27 Trimethylations Between the Mouse Cerebrum and Testis

Peng Cui, Wanfe Liu, Yuhui Zhao, Qiang Lin, Daoyong Zhang, Feng Ding, Chengqi Xin, Zhang Zhang, Shuhui Song, Fanglin Sun, Jun Yu, Songnian Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The global features of H3K4 and H3K27 trimethylations (H3K4me3 and H3K27me3) have been well studied in recent years, but most of these studies were performed in mammalian cell lines. In this work, we generated the genome-wide maps of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 of mouse cerebrum and testis using ChIP-seq and their high-coverage transcriptomes using ribominus RNA-seq with SOLiD technology. We examined the global patterns of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in both tissues and found that modifications are closely-associated with tissue-specific expression, function and development. Moreover, we revealed that H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 rarely occur in silent genes, which contradicts the findings in previous studies. Finally, we observed that bivalent domains, with both H3K4me3 and H3K27me3, existed ubiquitously in both tissues and demonstrated an invariable preference for the regulation of developmentally-related genes. However, the bivalent domains tend towards a “winner-takes-all” approach to regulate the expression of associated genes. We also verified the above results in mouse ES cells. As expected, the results in ES cells are consistent with those in cerebrum and testis. In conclusion, we present two very important findings. One is that H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 rarely occur in silent genes. The other is that bivalent domains may adopt a “winner-takes-all” principle to regulate gene expression.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-93
Number of pages12
JournalGenomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 9 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Molecular Biology

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