Detection based on eigenvalues of received signal covariance matrix is currently one of the most effective solution for spectrum sensing problem in cognitive radios. However, the results of these schemes often depend on asymptotic assumptions since the distribution of ratio of extreme eigenvalues is exceptionally mathematically complex to compute in practice. In this paper, a new approach to determine the distribution of ratio of the largest and the smallest eigenvalues is introduced to calculate the decision threshold and sense the spectrum. In this context, we derive a simple and analytically tractable expression for the distribution of the ratio of the largest and the smallest eigenvalues based on upper bound on the joint probability density function (PDF) of the largest and the smallest eigenvalues of the received covariance matrix. The performance analysis of proposed approach is compared with the empirical results. The decision threshold as a function of a given probability of false alarm is calculated to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||2011 19th European Signal Processing Conference|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|State||Published - 2011|