Cocrystallization phenomena in piperazine-based copolyamides as examined by differential scanning calorimetry, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, and solid-state NMR

Bert Vanhaecht, Jan Devroede, Rudolph Willem, Monique Biesemans, Wyjayanthi Goonewardena, Sanjay Rastogi, Sven Hoffmann, Philip G. Klein, Cor E. Koning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Copolyamides 2.14/piperazine.l4 with variable built-in ratios of 1,2-ethylenediamine (1,2-EDA) and piperazine (pip) were synthesized by solution polycondensation. The built-in ratio of both diamine comonomers was determined with solution 13C NMR analysis. The gradual replacement of 1,2-EDA units by cycloaliphatic pip units in polyamide 2.14 resulted in a progressively decreased melting (Tm) and crystallization temperature of the obtained copolyamides. Apparently, the Tm raising effect of the incorporation of rigid cycloaliphatic moieties is overruled by the simultaneous Tm reduction caused by a decreasing hydrogen-bond density. Indications for cocrystallization of 2.14 and pip. 14 repeating units were obtained by the thermal analysis of copolyamides 2.14/pip.l4 and of a blend of both homopolyamides. A preliminary wideangle X-ray diffraction study pointed to the same conclusion. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy was used to investigate the influence of the composition on the percentage of the rigid phase of the copolyamides and delivered additional indications for cocrystallization. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2082-2094
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume41
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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