Coastal evaluation and planning for development of subsurface intake systems

Abdullah Dehwah, Samir Almashharawi, Thomas M. Missimer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The feasibility of using a subsurface intake system for a seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) water treatment plant is based on the site-specific hydrogeologic conditions which control the type of intake design that can be used and the capacity of the intake. Planning for future development of subsurface intake systems requires a careful analysis of the shoreline and shallow offshore area. Example regions, the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia and the shoreline of Florida (USA), were investigated to develop general feasibility criteria for possible development of SWRO intake systems. Within the Red Sea, it was found that various well intake systems could be feasible for low-capacity SWRO facilities and high capacity intake systems would be limited to seabed gallery intakes. Coastal Florida had more subsurface intake options available, including wells, beach galleries, and seabed galleries which could be used based on the required capacity and the specific site conditions. The presence of high transmissivity carbonate aquifers containing seawater in Florida would allow medium capacity SWRO systems to use conventional vertical wells. High capacity systems could be developed using beach gallery systems in many locations. The methods developed for shoreline and nearshore evaluation contained herein could be applied to any coastal region of the world for subsurface intake evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntakes and Outfalls for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Facilities - Innovations and Environmental Impacts
EditorsBurton Jones, Thomas M. Missimer, Robert G. Maliva
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Pages125-145
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9783319132020
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventInternational Workshop on Desalination System Intakes and Outfalls, 2013 - Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
Duration: Oct 7 2013Oct 8 2013

Publication series

NameEnvironmental Science and Engineering (Subseries: Environmental Science)
Volume149
ISSN (Print)1863-5520

Other

OtherInternational Workshop on Desalination System Intakes and Outfalls, 2013
CountrySaudi Arabia
CityThuwal
Period10/7/1310/8/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Information Systems

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Coastal evaluation and planning for development of subsurface intake systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this