CO2/CH4 Pure- and Mixed-Gas Dilation and Sorption in Thin (∼500 nm) and Ultrathin (∼50 nm) Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity

Wojciech Ogieglo, Giuseppe Genduso, Jens Rubner, Jacques Hofmann-Préveraud de Vaumas, Matthias Wessling, Ingo Pinnau

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Abstract

In this work, we present (i) the dilation and refractive index variation associated with changes in film density and (ii) gas uptake of pure CO2 and CH4, as well as their equimolar mixture in thin films of two polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), that is, PIM-1 and poly(trimethylsilyl)propyne (PTMSP). A conventional low-free-volume glassy polymer, cellulose triacetate, was also investigated as the reference material. All experiments were performed with ∼50 and ∼500 nm-thick films up to partial pressures of 25 bar using in situ interference-enhanced spectroscopic ellipsometry. In all cases, film thickness reduction promoted the collapse of the frozen-in free volume. Particularly for thin PIM-1 and PTMSP films, the CO2 and CH4 pure-gas uptakes were generally lower than in bulk samples. In the most extreme case of the ultrathin ∼50 nm PTMSP film, we could detect a strikingly similar qualitative behavior to the penetrant partial molar volume and dilation in rubbery polymers. Remarkably, in PIM-1, the collapse of the frozen-in free volume seemed to be opposed by its ultra-micropores (10 Å). In mixed-gas experiments, the refractive index response of all investigated films closely followed the trend observed during CO2 pure-gas sorption. In both thickness ranges and throughout the entire pressure range, the samples dilated less in the multicomponent environment than under the corresponding ideal pure-gas conditions. We found this phenomenon consistent with the pure- and mixed-gas uptake behavior of PIM-1 and PTMSP bulk films reported in the literature.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMacromolecules
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2020

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