Clinical antimicrobial efficacy of NiTi rotary instrumentation with NaOCl irrigation, final rinse with chlorhexidine and interappointment medication: A molecular study

S. S.M. Paiva, J. F. Siqueira, I. N. Rôças, F. L. Carmo, D. C.A. Leite, D. C. Ferreira, C. T.C. Rachid, A. S. Rosado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate clinically the antibacterial effects of root canal treatment procedures using molecular microbiology analyses. Methodology: Samples were taken from 14 necrotic root canals of teeth with apical periodontitis before (S1) and after instrumentation with NaOCl irrigation (S2), a final rinse with chlorhexidine (CHX) (S3) and then one-week interappointment medication with calcium hydroxide/CHX paste (S4). The parameters examined included the following: incidence of positive broad-range PCR results for bacterial presence; impact on bacterial community structures evaluated by PCR-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE); quantitative bacterial reduction determined by real-time PCR; and identification of bacterial persisters by cloning and sequencing. Data from the different tests were subjected to statistical analyses and diversity indicator calculations. Results: All S1 samples were positive for bacteria in all tests. Treatment procedures promoted a decrease in microbial diversity and significantly reduced the incidence of positive results and the bacterial counts (P
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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