Classification of semiconducting polymeric mesophases to optimize device postprocessing

Chad R. Snyder*, R. Joseph Kline, Dean M. Delongchamp, Ryan C. Nieuwendaal, Lee J. Richter, Martin Heeney, Iain Mcculloch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Semiconducting polymers form a variety of phases and mesophases that respond differently to postdeposition solvent or thermal treatments. Here it is shown that classification of these materials into their appropriate mesophases can be a useful tool to optimize their thermal postdeposition treatments. Calorimetry is used to quantify differences between materials having similar molecular structures, using a well-established framework based on the kinetics and thermodynamics of phase changes. By way of example, this classification scheme is used to identify differences in three polymers, poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) and two isomeric bithiophene-thienothiophene copolymers. It is demonstrated that poly(3-hexylthiophene) is a "normal" polymer crystal and that the two bithiophene-thienothiophene copolymers have liquid crystalline phases. The different phase structure is notable in light of the molecular similarity of the three polymers and has an impact on the thermal postprocessing conditions that maximize field effect charge carrier mobility in thin film transistor devices. Strong superheating effects are demonstrated for the two bithiophene-thienothiophene copolymers and the impact on annealing is demonstrated using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Some suggestions are also put forth for what post-processing should be employed for each class of polymer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1641-1653
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume53
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • X-ray
  • calorimetry
  • crystallization
  • liquid-crystalline polymers (LCP)
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of semiconducting polymeric mesophases to optimize device postprocessing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this