Chiral damping of magnetic domain walls

Emilie Jué, C. K. Safeer, Marc Drouard, Alexandre Lopez, Paul Balint, Liliana Buda-Prejbeanu, Olivier Boulle, Stephane Auffret, Alain Schuhl, Aurelien Manchon, Ioan Mihai Miron, Gilles Gaudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structural symmetry breaking in magnetic materials is responsible for the existence of multiferroics1, current-induced spin–orbit torques2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and some topological magnetic structures8, 9, 10, 11, 12. In this Letter we report that the structural inversion asymmetry (SIA) gives rise to a chiral damping mechanism, which is evidenced by measuring the field-driven domain-wall (DW) motion in perpendicularly magnetized asymmetric Pt/Co/Pt trilayers. The DW dynamics associated with the chiral damping and those with Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (DMI) exhibit identical spatial symmetry13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19. However, both scenarios are differentiated by their time reversal properties: whereas DMI is a conservative effect that can be modelled by an effective field, the chiral damping is purely dissipative and has no influence on the equilibrium magnetic texture. When the DW motion is modulated by an in-plane magnetic field, it reveals the structure of the internal fields experienced by the DWs, allowing one to distinguish the physical mechanism. The chiral damping enriches the spectrum of physical phenomena engendered by the SIA, and is essential for conceiving DW and skyrmion devices owing to its coexistence with DMI (ref. 20).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-277
Number of pages6
JournalNature Materials
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2015

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